Integrated Child Protection Scheme
The Govt. of India, Ministry of Women & Child Development has formulated a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme – “Integrated Child Protection Scheme” (ICPS) with the objective to provide a safe and secure environment to the children in the country who are in need of care and protection as well as children in conflict with law. The intervention includes, inter-alia, financial support for setting up and / or maintenance of Homes for children in need of care and protection and those in conflict with law, setting up of child protection structure – state child protection society, capacity building, advocacy etc.
1 Specific Objectives:
a) To institutionalize essential services and strengthen structures.
b) To enhance capacities at all levels.
c) To create database and knowledge base for child protection services.
d) To strengthen child protection at family and community level.
e) To ensure appropriate inter-sectoral response at all levels.
f) To raise public awareness.
2. Guiding Principles:
a) Child protection, a primary responsibility of family, supported by community, government and civil society.
b) Loving and caring family, the best place for the child.
c) Privacy and Confidentiality.
d) Non-stigmatization and non-discrimination.
e) Prevention and reduction of vulnerabilities, central to child protection outcomes.
f) Institutionalization of children, the last resort.
g) Child centered planning and implementation.
h) Technical excellence, code of conduct
i) Flexible programming, responding to local individualized needs.
j) Good governance, accountability and responsibility
b) Promotion of Family-based Care.
d) Integrated service provision – range of services.
e) Continuum of services – a feasible care plan for each child.
f) Community based service delivery
g) Decentralization and flexibility to focus on local needs.
h) Partnership Building and Community Empowerment
i) Quality care, standards for care and protection
j) Building Capacities
k) Monitoring and Evaluation
4. Target Groups:
a) Child in need of care & protection
b) Child in conflict with law
c) Child in contact with law
5. Government – Civil Society Partnership:
b) Civil Society Organizations & individuals
i) Voluntary sector
ii) Research and training institutions.
iii) Media and advocacy groups
iv) Corporate sector
c) Community groups and local leaders, volunteers, youth groups, families and children.
6. The ICPS has been planned to be implemented during the 11th Plan period through the State Governments / U.T. Administration. The implementation schedule is mainly to be based on the provisions of the Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act, 2000, its Amentment Act 2006 and the Rules framed there under. Under the ICPS, the following are to be set up for service delivery structures :-
i) State Project Support Unit: - to ensure effective implementation of ICPS in the state who will report directly to central support unit. It will functions only during the initial implementation of the scheme.
ii) Junvenile Justice Boards in every District.
iii) Child Welfare Committee (CWCs) in every District
iv) Juvenile Police Units (SJPUs) in every District
v) Designate Child Welfare Officer in each Police Station.
vi) State Child Protection Society.
vii) District Child Protection Society.
viii) State Adoption Resource Agency
7. For Care, Support & Rehabilitation Services.
a) Emergency outreach services through childline
b) Open shelters for children in need in urban and semi urban areas.
c) Family based – non-institutional care – adoption, sponsorship, foster care.
d) Cradle baby reception centres.
e) After care
f) Institutional services - Observation Homes, Children Homes, Shelter Homes.
g General grant-in-aid - SCPS will have general grant-in-aid.
8. Statutory support services :
Financial support will be given to the state Govts. for setting up of :-
a) Child Welfare Committee
b) Juvenile Justice Board
c) State Juvenile Police Uni
9.Other Activities :
a) Training and capacity Building.
i) Training of functioneries.
ii) Research & documentation to be entrusted to NIPCCD, SCPS, & DCPS, for all stakeholders.
b) Advocacy, Public Education and Communication - to change mind sets at all levels – entrusted with state Child Protection Unit, State Adoption Resources Agency and District Child Protection Unit, Financial support will be given.
c) Research and Documentdation
d) Evaluation of Implementation of ICPS
e) Child tracking system – set up Child Protection Management Information System and website for missing children.
f) Monitoring – to be carried out at National, State and District Level.
10. Implementation Schedule
MoU between the Central Government and the State Government was signed on 30th April 2012, and fund has been released by both the Central and the State Governments. Staff for various officers under ICPS has been recruited. State Child Protection Society, State Project support Unit and 8 District Child Protection Units have been established and are functioning effectively.
11.Expected Outcomes of ICPS :
As India moves towards becoming the youngest population in the world by 202, the Integrated Child Protection Scheme is an attempt by the Ministry of Women and Child Development to ensure that ALL children get the opportunity to grow to their full potential in a safe enabling environment. Once put in place we expect that the scheme would result in :
• Reduced vulnerabilities of children
• Better child protection services
• Increased availability and accessibility of a variety of children protection services
• Less children in need of care and protection
• Increase in the protection of children in family based non-institutional care services including adoption
• Better quality care for children in institutional care
• Increase in the protection of children / young people leaving institutional care who are self sufficient and gainfully engaged in predictive activity.
• Information /knowledge base of children and families at risk.
State Adoption Advisory Committee :
In order to promote, implement, supervise and monitor the family based non-institutional programmes including sponsorship, foster care in-country and inter-country adoption at State level, a State Adoption Advisory Committee shall be constituted at every State/UT. The Adoption Advisory Committee will meet quarterly to discuss child welfare measures and ways and means to promote in-country adoption of children. Minutes of every meeting shall be sent to CARA. The tenure of such committee will be three years.